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List of Eight Mood Disorders

Mood disorders are common forms of mental health issues experienced by people worldwide

One mood disorder can be different from another, creating different issues. Commonly, mood disorders are co-occurring with substance use issues. Understanding mood disorders is one of the first steps toward diagnosing them and creating a treatment plan.

Depression:

A condition of Prolonged periods of sadness that last longer than at least two weeks. You have less interest in usual activities that you used to enjoy. It can also affect how you sleep, eat, work, or think. Treatment includes taking antidepressants, cognitive behavior therapy, interpersonal therapy, problem solving therapy, and electroconvulsive therapy.

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Bipolar Disorder:

When a person has moments of depression and switches with moments of mania or an elevated mood. Someone can show unusually intense emotions, behaviours, or changes in activities and sleep patterns. They can feel sad, empty, and hopeless while also feeling energized at the same time. Treatment includes mood stabilizers, family-focused therapy, and psychoeducation.

Anhedonia:

When someone cannot enjoy activities, they used to enjoy and have the inability to feel pleasure. Social symptoms include having no interest or pleasure in social activities. Physical symptoms are not feeling pleasure in eating, touching, or having sex. Treatment includes antidepressants, electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation.

Dysthymia:

A low grade depression that lasts for at least two years. They feel unhappy and down but it does not affect their everyday lives. If you experience major depression as well, that is called double depression. Treatment includes antidepressants and talk therapy.

Dysphoria:

A psychological state often caused by chronic illnesses, grief, stress, relationship problems, or other environmental factors. It is feeling generalized unhappiness, dissatisfaction, restlessness, or frustration. Gender dysphoria is feeling distressed when your gender identity does not match the gender assigned at birth.

Schizoaffective Disorder:

A mental health condition that mixes the symptoms of schizophrenia with symptoms of mood disorders. That includes having hallucinations, delusions, mania, and depression. Treatment includes antipsychotics, psychotherapy, skills training for work and socially, and possible hospitalization if you are experiencing psychotic episodes.

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder:

A disorder develops in those who experienced a scary, shocking, or dangerous event. Some are able to recover at six months while others it can take longer. You can experience symptoms like flashbacks, nightmares, frightening thoughts, angry outbursts, and being constantly on edge. Treatment includes antidepressants, exposure therapy, and cognitive reconstructing.

Seasonal Affective Disorder:

Depression type that normally starts in the late fall and early winter with symptoms going away during the spring and summer. You could have low energy, feel depressed most of the day, and have frequent suicidal thoughts. Treatment includes selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, psychotherapy, vitamin D, and light therapy.

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