Cocaine is an addictive, psychoactive stimulant that is generally taken as a recreational drug. Its effects include increased alertness, talkativeness, and feelings of euphoria. Physical effects of cocaine include rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure and sweating.
The drug produces these effects by increasing the concentration of neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, as well as exciting the central nervous system. Combined, these effects reduce the user’s need for sleep and food. For this reason, cocaine is sometimes taken as a performance enhancing drug because it allows people to work for longer.
Street names for cocaine include charlie and coke. Crack is a highly concentrated form of cocaine which has the appearance of small rocks.
Health Risks of Cocaine Use
Long-term cocaine use can lead to a number of serious mental and physical health consequences. Chronic users frequently suffer from depression, anxiety, paranoia and panic attacks. On days following heavy cocaine use, the user may feel down, and exhibit some flu-like symptoms.
A cocaine overdose can result in heart attacks, convulsions and even death. Over time, the physical effects of the drug – increased heart rate and body temperature – can cause long term damage to the user’s vital organs.
‘Cocaine psychosis’ – where the user experiences hallucinations, confusion and paranoia – can afflict some heavy, long-term cocaine users.
Castle Craig’s Rehab Treatment Programme
Our treatment programme is based on the principles of the 12 Steps approach, which considers abstinence the only way to treat addiction. Therefore, at the beginning of their treatment, we assist patients in detoxing from all drugs and alcohol. This means that they are in the ideal physical and mental state to begin their recovery from addiction.
The duration of the detox period will depend on how long, and how heavily, the patient was using cocaine, and whether they were using any other drugs or alcohol at the same time. Depending on the patient’s physical and psychological state during the detox period, they may be offered medication to ease the symptoms of withdrawal.
Withdrawal symptoms from cocaine can include anxiety, aggression, paranoia and depression, in addition to compulsive and repetitive behaviours. The patient is also likely to experience strong cravings for the drug.
Throughout the detox period, the patient is supervised by our kind and competent medical team. A safe and controlled environment is of the utmost importance when attempting to detox. For this reason, it is not advisable to do so without medical assistance.
Residential Rehab for Cocaine Abuse
At Castle Craig Addiction Clinic, we provide the highest quality of care. Our treatment programme has successfully rehabilitated patients suffering with addiction problems for over 30 years. Our cocaine addiction treatment is personalised to each patient depending on factors such as their pattern of use, the length of their addiction, and other relevant lifestyle factors.
Our core treatment for cocaine abuse is made up of specialised addiction group therapy, personal therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). CBT can be particularly effective for treating cocaine abuse. This form of therapy helps the patient to develop new attitudes to both themselves and their addictive behaviour. It teaches them to recognise negative thought patterns and counter them with better coping mechanisms. In addition, we provide family therapy sessions, and bereavement therapy where appropriate.
We consider our patients’ spiritual well being as important as their psychological health. To this end, we provide a range of complementary therapies including drumming therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, art therapy, creative writing therapy, equine therapy, and mindfulness meditation.
A crucial component of addiction therapy is the patient’s physical recovery. Prolonged alcohol and drug abuse can take their toll on a patient’s physical health. To begin to reverse these effects, we provide patients with wholesome, balanced meals and a programme of regular exercise. Our secluded, countryside location offers the best environment for patients to begin their recovery.
After they have completed their treatment, we continue to support patients by providing a two year continuing care plan, weekly drop-in therapy sessions, and teletherapy. We encourage them to become involved with local peer support groups, such as Cocaine Anonymous.