What Are Nootropics?

Nootropics, also known as smart drugs are prescribed medication or off-label drugs used to treat different types of mental or cognitive disorders.

Armodafinil (Nuvigil) Addiction

Modafinil (Provigil) Addiction

There are several types of drugs that are classed as smart drugs:

  • The most common are amphetamine-based stimulants (Adderalldextroamphetamine, and lisdexamfetamine) that are most commonly prescribed to treat ADHD symptoms in children and young adults.

  • Methylphenidate-based medication (Concerta, Ritalin) are used to enhance a range of cognitive functions, such as memory, attention, performance under high degree of effort or learning in the general population

  • The most popular nootropics are the eugeroics Modafinil and Armodofinil. Their main brand names – Provigil and Nuvigil – are prescribed to treat narcolepsy, increase wakefulness and mental concentration.

Find out more about how we treat abuse of smart drugs and other nootropics at Castle Craig in the pages below:

Nootropics are prescribed for several medical conditions as an adjuvant for supporting mental functions, daily cognitive effort and to protect against long-term risk, rather than as the main medication in treating mental pathology directly.

Nevertheless, all these drugs can lead to habit formation, tolerance and ultimately addiction when misused or abused, causing adverse physical and psychological effects on normal brain functioning, cardiac function, mood and stress levels, cognitive regulation.

Page published: August 7, 2019. Page last reviewed and clinically fact-checked January 14, 2022