Cocaine and psychosis
Like other drugs, cocaine can produce a wide range of psychiatric symptoms in users. Prevalence estimates of psychosis including hallucinations and delusions in cocaine users has been estimated at anywhere between 29% and 55% of users, and is most common when the substance is smoked in the form of crack. Some studies have suggested that psychosis underpins a large number of the violent and criminal episodes that take place within the context of cocaine use.
Symptoms of cocaine induced psychosis
Psychosis resulting from cocaine intoxication is not in and of itself distinguishable from other kinds of psychosis. Within the context of other symptoms of cocaine use, cocaine-induced psychosis may be more likely to have unpleasant, frightening, violent, agitated, or vengeful content than other drug-induced psychosis; however, hallucinations of this type are by no means exclusively the result of cocaine use. Paranoia is also a frequent and pronounced result for persons under the influence of cocaine, and subsequent hallucinations are more likely to be associated with paranoid fixations.
People suffering from cocaine addiction and experiencing cocaine-related psychosis need specialised dual-diagnosis treatment. Dual-diagnosis patients require complex care, integrated in a comprehensive rehabilitation programme. Castle Craig provides such treatment in its Extended Care Unit. Read more about treating cocaine induced psychosis and addiction here.